Anxiety Therapy & Counselling
Anxiety is an experience that includes both physical and cognitive symptoms. Anxiety can be an adaptive response to a threatening situation however for some people anxiety persists after the threat has passed or arises in non-threatening situations. Problem anxiety can interfere with a person’s daily functioning and can be disruptive to social interactions, family relationships, and work or school.
1 in 4 people experience problem anxiety
Anxiety disorders can co-occur with depression or substance use disorders
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has been shown to be as effective as medication at treating problem anxiety
There are six main Anxiety Disorders in adults and seven in children/youth:
Factors that Influence Anxiety
Anxiety can result from genetic factors, environmental factors, or a combination of both. People who have a family history of anxiety and mental health concerns, people who have experienced trauma, and people with certain medical conditions are at greater risk for developing problem anxiety than the general population.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) focuses on teaching skills to manage anxiety symptoms and uses gradual exposure to stressful situations to build anxiety tolerance. CBT has been shown to be just as effective as medication in addressing problem anxiety. For individuals who have experienced trauma Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (TF-CBT) may be a more appropriate treatment.
Medication can be used in conjunction with talk therapy to treat anxiety. Medications used to treat anxiety typically fall into three categories: antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications like buspirone, and sedatives like benzodiazepine.
Common Symptoms of Anxiety
Chest pain / Tightness in chest
Difficulty breathing (rapid breath, short of breath, difficulty catching breath)
Upset stomach: churning, nausea, diarrhea, gas, pain
Difficulty swallowing / lump in throat
Hot flashes / Chills
Cold and clammy palms
Tingling / Pins and Needles
Sense of detachment: feeling unconnected from the world around you
Unable to concentrate / Selective attention
Difficulty remembering things
Communication difficulties (i.e., cannot think of the words you want to use)
Fear that you are going crazy
If you are concerned about your own or your child's mental health Edgar Psychological can help.
Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada. (2007). Welcome to ADAC/ACTA. Retrieved from Anxiety Disorders Association of Canada: http://www.anxietycanada.ca/english/index.php
Anxiety Disorders Association of Ontario. (2018). General Facts. Retrieved from Anxiety Disorders Association of Ontario: http://www.anxietydisordersontario.ca/anxiety-resource-centre/general-facts-stats-biology-co-occurrences/
Jovanovic, T., Powers Lott, A., Michopoulos, V., Stevens, J., Rooij, S., Carter, S., . . . Stenson, A. (2018). What is Anxiety. Retrieved from Anxiety.org: https://www.anxiety.org/what-is-anxiety
Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). (2018). Diagnosis & Treatment. Retrieved from Anxiety: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anxiety/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20350967
Rachman, S. (2004). Anxiety. (2nd, Ed.) New York: Psychology Press Ltd.